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Subject 40-12-3 STANDARDS

Rule 40-12-3-.01 Agricultural Seed Quality Standards

(1) Agricultural seed purity standards are as follows:
(a) The percent inert matter shall not exceed 3 percent for hybrid field corn, nor 4 percent inert matter for other agricultural crop seed, with the following exceptions:
1. Exotic, native and range grasses normally marketed at high inert matter levels shall have no maximum inert matter limitation and shall be labeled to show the percent inert matter present.
2. The following agricultural crop kinds shall have inert matter limitations as indicated:

Kind Maximum Inert Matter
(i) Bahiagrass, Argentine ...................................... 20%
(ii) Bahiagrass, Pensacola ...................................... 10%
(iii) Cowpea (Southernpea) ..................................... 5%
(iv) Peanut ......................................................... 5%
(v) Orchardgrass ................................................. 8%
(vi) Soybean........................................................ 2%
(vii) Triticale ....................................................... 10%

(b) The percent weed seed labeled shall comply with the following requirements:
1. The labeled percent weed seed shall not exceed the following limitations for major crop seed as indicated:

Kind Maximum Percent Weed Seed
(i) Corn ....................................................... None
(ii) Cotton..................................................... 0.05%
(iii) Peanut .................................................... 0.2 %
(iv) Soybean................................................... 0.2 %

2. The percent weed seed labeled for crops not listed shall not exceed 1.0%, except for a maximum weed seed limitation of 2.0% for lawn, turf and forage grasses.
(2) Agricultural seed shall have a minimum germination of 70%, including hard seed or dormant seed, except for the following crop kinds:
(a) Cowpeas, crotalaria, and millet, including hard seed or dormant seed, shall have a minimum germination of 60%.
(b) Peanuts seed lots germinating below 70%, but not less than 60%, may be sold by stating "below standard" in not less than 8- point type on the seed label and all invoices.
(c) Field corn shall have a minimum germination of 90%.
(d) Kobe Striate Lespedeza seed lots, or mixtures containing such kind and variety, germinating below 70%, but not less than 50%, may be sold by stating "below standard" in not less than 8-point type on the seed label and all invoices.

Rule 40-12-3-.02 Vegetable and Herb Seed Germination Quality Standards

(1) The following standards for the germination of vegetable seed are hereby adopted:

Kind Germination %
(a) Anise .................... 50
(b) Artichoke ............... 60
(c) Asparagus.............. 70
(d) Asparagusbean ........ 75
(e) Basil, sweet ............ 70
(f) Bean, garden .......... 70
(g) Bean, lima ............. 70
(h) Bean, runner .......... 75
(i) Beet ..................... 65
(j) Broadbean ............. 75
(k) Broccoli ................. 75
(l) Brussels sprouts ...... 70
(m) Burdock, great ........ 60
(n) Cabbage ................ 75
(o) Cabbage, tronchuda .. 70
(p) Caraway ................ 55
(q) Cardoon ................ 60
(r) Carrot................... 55
(s) Cauliflower ............ 75
(t) Celeriac ................. 55
(u) Celery ................... 55
(v) Chard, Swiss .......... 65
(w) Chervil, salad ......... 65
(x) Chicory ................. 65
(y) Chinese cabbage ...... 75
(z) Chives .................. 50
(aa) Citron ................... 65
(bb) Collards ................ 80
(cc) Coriander .............. 70
(dd) Corn, Pop .............. 75
(ee) Corn, sweet ............ 75
(ff) Cornsalad .............. 70
(gg) Cowpea ................. 75
(hh) Cress, garden.......... 75
(ii) Cress, upland.......... 60
(jj) Cress, water ........... 80
(kk) Cucumber .............. 60
(ll) Dandelion .............. 60
(mm) Dill ...................... 60
(nn) Eggplant................ 70
(oo) Endive .................. 70
(pp) Fennel, Florence ...... 60
(qq) Fennel, sweet.......... 50
(rr) Kale ..................... 75
(ss) Kale, Chinese ......... 75
(tt) Kale, Siberian ......... 75
(uu) Kohlrabi ................ 75
(vv) Leek ..................... 60
(ww) Lettuce ................. 80
(xx) Melon ................... 75
(yy) Mustard, India ........ 75
(zz) Mustard, spinach ..... 75
(aaa) Okra .................... 50
(bbb) Onion ................... 70
(ccc) Onion, Welsh .......... 70
(ddd) Marjoram, sweet ...... 50
(eee) Oregano ................ 60
(fff) Pak-choi ................ 75
(ggg) Parsley.................. 60
(hhh) Parsnip ................. 60
(iii) Pea ...................... 80
(jjj) Peanut .................. 70
(kkk) Pepper .................. 75
(lll) Pumpkin ............... 75
(mmm) Radish .................. 75
(nnn) Rhubarb ................ 60
(ooo) Rutabaga ............... 75
(ppp) Roquette................ 60
(qqq) Rosemary............... 30
(rrr) Sage ..................... 75
(sss) Salsify .................. 75
(ttt) Savory, Summer ...... 55
(uuu) Sorrel ................... 65
(vvv) Spinach ................. 60
(www) Spinach, New Zealand .......... 40
(xxx) Squash.................. 75
(yyy) Thyme .................. 50
(zzz) Tomato.................. 75
(aaaa) Tomato, husk .......... 50
(bbbb) Turnip .................. 80
(cccc) Watermelon ............ 70

(2) The minimum germination standard for all other vegetable and herb seed, for which a standard has not been established, shall be 50%.
(3) Pursuant to Code section 2-11-22(f)(4), seeds that germinate less than the standard last established by the Commissioner shall have "below standard" printed or written with permanence on the face of the label, in addition to the other information required, provided that no seed marked "below standard" shall be sold if it falls more than 20 percent below the established standard for such seed. No vegetable or herb seed may be labeled "below standard" that has a germination standard of 50 percent or less.
(4) For cowpeas and peanuts in containers of five (5) pounds or more, agricultural seed labeling requirements and germination standards shall apply as specified in Code section 2-11-22 and Rules section 40-12-3-.01, respectively.

Rule 40-12-3-.03 Minimum Sample Size for Seed Analysis

The following minimum sample sizes are required when submitting seed for laboratory analysis.


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Rule 40-12-3-.04 Flower Seed Germination Standards

(1) The following standards for the germination of flower seeds are hereby adopted. For the kinds marked with an asterisk (*), the standard shown includes the total of germination and hard seed percentages.


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(2) Flower seed kinds not listed shall have a germination standard of 50%.
(3) Flower seeds that germinate less than the standard may be sold, offered for sale, exposed for sale, or transported within this State if labeled with the words 'below standard' in not less than 8- point type, provided that no seed marked 'below standard' shall be sold if it falls below 30% germination.
(4) A mixture of flower seed kinds will be considered to be below the standard if the germination of any kind or combination of kinds constituting 25% or more of the mixture is below standard for the kind or kinds involved.