Subject 290-5-22 X-RAY
|(1)|| Purpose and Scope.
|(2)||Human Radiation Exposure. Radiation shall not be applied to individuals except as prescribed by persons licensed to practice in the healing arts or as otherwise provided in these regulations. Only licensed practitioners and authorized operators shall apply radiation to a person.|
|(3)||Prohibited Use The operation of any radiation machine in this state is prohibited unless the user is registered with the Department.|
Definitions. Unless a different meaning is required by the context of a rule,
the terms used in these regulations have the definitions set forth below.
|(5)||Variances, Waivers, and Exemptions The Department may, upon application, grant such variances, waivers, or exemptions from the requirements of these regulations as authorized by O.C.G.A. Section 31-2-4.|
|(8)|| Requirements for Radiation Protective
Shielding Design Plan Review.
|(10)||Copy of Design Maintained. A copy of the shielding design as submitted to and approved by the Department shall be kept on file at the facility.|
|(11)||Compliance. After receiving written notice that specific areas of non-compliance with these rules and regulations exist in a registered x-ray facility, the registrant shall make required corrections and notify the Department of the action(s) taken within the time authorized by the Department which shall not exceed 60 days.|
|(13)||Rules and Regulations. Each registrant shall possess a current copy of the Rules and Regulations for X-Ray, Chapter 290-5-22, which shall be maintained in the registered facility.|
|(2)||Registration of Particle Accelerators. In addition to (1) of this rule persons applying for registration of particle accelerators shall submit the supplemental information required in Rule 290-5-22-.05(3) and if the particle accelerator is for human use the information required in Rule 290-5-22-.05(4).|
|(3)||Failure to register as provided in .02(1) shall subject the offending person to a civil penalty not to exceed $1000.00, and any other legal remedies available as required in O.C.G.A. 31-13-15.|
|(4)|| Formal Education or Certification plus
|(5)||The user shall maintain on file the qualifications of the non-Departmental individuals performing the inspection for purposes of initial registration.|
|(6)||Renewal of Registration. Every registrant possessing a radiation machine shall renew registration at intervals as required by the Department.|
|(7)||Report of Changes. The registrant shall notify the Department writing of any changes which would render the information contained in the current registration inaccurate. Notification of any changes in the radiation machine's location, shielding, operation, safety features, or occupancy of adjacent areas must also be made to the Department, and may require a radiation safety survey and re-registration prior to continued operation of the machine.|
|(8)||Report of Sale, Lease, Transfer, or Disposal. Any person who sells, leases, transfers, or otherwise disposes of a radiation machine shall notify the Department in writing. Written notification shall include, when applicable, the name and address of the new owner or lessee, and/or facility, the date of the transaction, and the model and serial number of the machine or machines.|
|(10)||Revocation. Registration may be revoked by the Department for failure to comply with or maintain compliance with Chapter 13 of Title 31 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated or the provisions of this Chapter. Prior to revocation of any registration, the registrant shall be given notice of the grounds for revocation and shall have an opportunity to show cause why the revocation action should not proceed as provided in Article 1 of Chapter 5 of Title 31 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated.|
|(1)|| General Provisions.
|(2)|| Permissible Doses.
|(3)|| Personnel Monitoring.
Caution Signs, Labels, and Signals.
|(1)||Scope. This part establishes requirements, for which a registrant is responsible, for use of x-ray equipment by or under the supervision of an individual authorized in accordance with State statutes to engage in the healing arts. The provisions of this part are in addition to, and not in substitution for, other applicable provisions of these regulations.|
|(3)|| Information and Maintenance Records and
|(4)||Light Fields. When used for aligning or centering an x-ray field, a light field shall have a clearly defined perimeter and have illumination intensity equal to the needs for collimation or alignment. For collimators equipped with beam defining lights, this requirement will be deemed to be met if the illumination at the receptor is visible to the x-ray operator under normal room illumination in all quadrants of the light field.|
|(5)|| Darkroom and Film
|(6)|| General Requirements for all Diagnostic
Radiation Machines. In addition to other requirements of this part, all
diagnostic radiation machines shall meet the following requirements:
|(7)||Multiple Tubes. Where two or more radiographic tubes are controlled by one exposure switch, the tube or tubes which have been selected shall be clearly indicated prior to initiation of the exposure. This indication shall be both on the x-ray control panel and at or near the tube housing assembly which has been selected.|
|(8)||Mechanical Support of Tube Head. The tube housing assembly supports shall be adjusted such that the tube housing assembly will remain stable during an exposure unless the tube housing movement is a designed function of the radiation machine.|
|(9)||Technique Indicators. The technique factors to be used during an exam shall be indicated prior to any exposure. This requirement may be met by permanent markings on equipment having fixed technique factors. Indication of technique factors shall be visible from the operator's position except in the case of spot films made by the fluoroscopist.|
|(11)||Hand-held fluoroscopic screens are prohibited except for law enforcement or forensic requirements, and then only upon approval by the Department.|
|(12)|| Fluoroscopic Radiation Machines. All
fluoroscopic radiation machines shall meet the following requirements:
|(13)|| Radiographic Machines Other Than
Fluoroscopic, Dental Intraoral, and Veterinary.
Intraoral Dental Radiographic Machines.
Therapeutic Radiation Machines of Less Than One MeV.
|(17)|| Additional Facility Design Requirements
for Therapy Radiation Machines Capable of Operating Above 50 kVp and less than
|(18)|| X-Ray and Electron Therapy Machines with
Energies of One MeV and Above.
|(1)||Scope. This section establishes procedures for the registration and use of particle accelerators for medical and non-medical applications. Additional requirements for medical accelerators are found in Section 290-5-22-.04(18) entitled "Radiation and Electron Therapy Machines with Energies of one MeV and Above."|
|(2)||Registration Requirements. No person shall receive, possess, use, own, or acquire a particle accelerator except as authorized in the accelerator registration issued pursuant to these regulations. The procedures for registration of particle accelerator facilities are included in these regulations.|
|(3)|| General Requirements for the Issuance of
a Certificate of Registration for Particle Accelerators. In addition to the
requirements of .02(1), (2), (6), (7) and (8) of these regulations, the
applicant shall submit a supplementary registration application for use of a
particle accelerator. Registration will be approved only after the Department
|(4)|| Human Use of Particle
Accelerators. In addition to the requirements of .02 of these regulations, a
registration for use of a particle accelerator in the healing arts will be
issued only if:
|(6)||Shielding and Safety Design Requirements. Each particle accelerator installation shall be provided with such primary and/or secondary barriers as are necessary to assure compliance with .03(2)(a) and .03(2)(c) of these regulations. This requirement will be deemed to be met if the barriers are constructed in accordance with NCRP Report No.51.|
|(7)|| Particle Accelerator Controls and
|(8)|| Warning Devices.
|(11)|| Ventilation Systems.
|(1)||Purpose. This section establishes the requirements for the non-healing arts use of x-rays.|
|(2)||Scope. This section applies to all non-healing arts radiographic, fluoroscopic, and analytical x-ray installations and any apparatus capable of emitting x-rays as either a useful product or an unwanted by-product. The provisions of this section are in addition to and not in substitution for other applicable provisions of these regulations.|
|(4)|| Industrial Radiography.
|(5)|| Analytical X-Ray.
|(6)|| Non-Medical Fluoroscopy.
|(7)|| X-Rays As
|(8)|| Instruction of Personnel.
|(1)|| Records and Reports.
Notification of Incidents.
|(3)||Report To Former Employees and Others of Exposure to Radiation. A registrant, at the request of any individual formerly employed or associated with such registrant (e.g., student, craftsman, etc.), shall furnish to such individual a report of his exposure to radiation as shown in records maintained pursuant to .07(1)(a). Such report shall be furnished within 30 days from the time the request is made and shall cover each calendar quarter of the individual's employment or association involving exposure to radiation, or such lesser period as may reasonably be requested by the individual. The report shall be in writing.|
|(4)|| Reports of Overexposures and Excessive
|(5)||Notice to Employees. Each registrant shall annually advise any individual employed or associated with such registrant of the individual's exposure to radiation as shown in records maintained by the registrant pursuant to .07(1)(a), if requested by the individual.|
|(6)|| Instruction of
Personnel, Posting of Notices to Employees.
|(1)||Any registrant who violates the provisions of O.C.G.A. Section 31-13-14, or who hinders, obstructs, or otherwise interferes with any representative of the Department in the discharge of official duties in making inspections as provided in O.C.G.A. Section 31-13-5, or in impounding materials as provided in O.C.G.A. Section 31-13-11, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.|
|(2)|| Any registrant
|(3)|| Imposition of such civil
penalties shall relate to the severity of the violations.
|(4)|| Whenever the Department proposes to
subject a registrant to the imposition of a civil penalty, it shall notify such
registrant in writing:
|(1)||The administration and enforcement of these rules shall be as prescribed in Chapter 5 of Title 31 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated, Chapter 13 of Title 31 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated, and Chapter 13 of Title 50 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated. The Department's action revoking or denying a registration applied for under this Chapter or the imposition of civil penalties imposed pursuant to this Chapter shall be preceded by notice and opportunity for a hearing and shall constitute a contested case within the meaning of Chapter 13 of Title 50 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated.|
|(2)||The Department may, without regard to the availability of other remedies, including administrative remedies, seek an injunction against the continued operation of an unregistered radiation machine or the continued operation of a radiation machine in violation of this Chapter or of any regulation of the Department.|